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1 John B. Anderson on Sat Sep 11, 2010 9:03 am

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Professor
W. Maurice Ewing Professorship in Oceanography

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  • B. S. (1968) University of South Alabama
  • M. S. (1970) University of New Mexico
  • Ph. D. (1972) Florida State University


  • Stratigraphy/Sedimentology and Antarctic Marine Geology

E-mail: [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Phone: (713) 348-4884
Office: Geology Building, 208
Web Address:
Dr. Anderson's Research
Shaldril Research Cruise

John Anderson received his B.S degree in 1968 from the University of South Alabama, his M.S. degree in 1970 from the University of New Mexico, and his Ph.D. in 1972 from Florida State University. He began his professional career at Hope College in 1972, where he was an assistant professor. In 1975, John joined the faculty at Rice University, where he is currently the Maurice Ewing Professor of Oceanography. He served as chairman of the department from 1992 through 1998.
John has conducted research on various aspects of Antarctic marine geology since his first visit there as a student in 1970. He has participated in 24 scientific expeditions to Antarctica. The culmination of this research was published in "Antarctic Marine Geology" by Cambridge University Press. Anderson's other research has focused on the evolution of the northern Gulf of Mexico Basin (see Late Quaternary Stratigraphic Evolution of the Northern Gulf of Mexico Margin, Society of Sedimentary Geology Special Publication No. 79), and the response of coastal systems to global change. His most recent book is entitled "The Formation and Future of the Upper Texas Coast" and he recently co-edited a Geological Society of America Special Paper entitled "Response of Upper Gulf Coast Estuaries to Holocene Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise".
John received the 1992 GCAGS Outstanding Educator Award, the 1996 Rice University Graduate Teaching Award, 2004 Rice University Presidential Mentoring Award, and was the 2007 recipient of the Society of Sedimentary Research Shepard Medal. He has served as associate editor for Geology, the American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Sedimentology, and Marine Geology. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America and past president of the Society for Sedimentary Research. John has served on the AAS-Polar Research Board, on the 1997 NSF Oversight Panel for Polar Programs, and is currently chairman of the Antarctic Research Vessel Oversight Committee.
Research Interests



Climate Change in the Antarctic Peninsula Region

During recent SHALDRIL cruises Drill core obtained from the Ice-breaking research vessel NBP Palmer yielded expanded Holocene sedimentary records of the climate history of the Antarctic Peninsula region [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]

While the Antarctic Peninsula is not considered a major player in terms of future sea-level rise scenarios, it is a global warming hot spot. Historical temperature records indicate that the Antarctic Peninsula region has been warming much more rapidly than the global mean (3.7 to 1.6 vs. 0.6 to 0.2 °c / century, respectively) and sea ice coverage has decreased significantly on both sides of the Peninsula. Meanwhile, seven major ice shelves surrounding the Peninsula have retreated over the last few decades, with the largest collapse occurring in March of 2002 (Larsen B ice shelf). Finally, there has been a measurable increase in glacier flow rates with 87% of 244 glaciers examined throughout the Antarctic Peninsula region having retreated over the last 61 years. This trend has been causally linked to warming temperatures, however, the underlying driving mechanism(s) responsible for this warming trend remains uncertain. This raises many important questions including: is the recent rapid warming in the Antarctic Peninsula unprecedented or a natural part of the Earth's climate variability? One way to put this recent warming into perspective is to examine Late Pleistocene to Holocene proxy climate records contained in sediments and ice cores. Our research aims at examining century and millennial-scale climate variability in the Antarctic Peninsula region using long sediment cores collected from bays and fjords of the region. These cores were collected during three separate cruises to the Peninsula region in 2004 through 2007 and provide regional coverage needed to examine the timing of climate events and their cause(s).


The Retreat History of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet

Swath bathymetry records like this one are being used to map the distribution of paleo-ice streams on the Antarctic continental shelf during the Last Glacial Maximum and to study the retreat history of the ice sheet from the shelf. [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]

This research utilizes geophysical and geological data from the Antarctic sea floor to increase our understanding of the interaction of ice streams and the substrate on which they rest and the retreat history of the ice sheet from the continental shelf. Current research focuses on geomorphic features that indicate organized meltwater conduits beneath the ice sheet and the role that meltwater may have played in ice stream instability during the most recent retreat of the ice sheet.


Mountain Denudation in Patagonia and the Antarctic Peninsula

This research is aimed at determining erosion rates in alpine glacial settings. Seismic data, swath bathymetry data and sediment cores are being used to calculate sediment volumes of fjords in southern Chile and the Antarctic Peninsula. These data are being used, in conjunction with information about drainage basin area and climate, to examine rates of mountain denudation. The study area spans a wide laditudinal transect that includes temperate, subpolar and polar glacial settings. [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]



Response of Coastal Environments to Accelerated Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change
Research on the evolution of Gulf Coast bays and coastal barriers focuses on the response of these systems to past changes in the rate of sea-level rise and sediment supply. This research is intended to improve our ability to predict future response to increasing sea-level rise and both natural and anthropogenic changes in sediment supply to the coast. [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]


Books

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Anderson, J.B., 1999,
Antarctic Marine Geology, Cambridge University Press.

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Anderson, J.B., 2007,
Formation and Future of the Upper Texas Coast, Texas A&M Press.



Edited Volumes


Anderson, J.B., and Molnia, B.F. (eds), 1989, Glacial-Marine Sedimentation, American Geophysical Union Short Course in Geology, v. 9.
Anderson, J.B., and Ashley, G.M. (eds), 1991. Glacial Marine Sedimentation: Paleoclimatic Significance, Geological Society of America Special Paper 261.
Roberts, H., N. Rosen, R. Fillon, and J. Anderson. (eds), Shelf Margin Delts and Linked Down Slope Petroleum Systems, Shelf Margin Deltas and Linked Down Slope Petroleum Systems: Global Significance and Future Exploration Potential, 23rd Annual SCSSEPM Foundation Bob F. Perkins Research Conference.




Anderson, J.B., and Fillon, R.H., (eds), 2004, Later Quaternary Stratigraphic Evolution of the Northern Gulf of Mexico Margin, Society for Sedimentary Research Special Publication 79. [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]





Anderson, J.B. and Fillon, R.H., (eds), 2008, Response of Upper Gulf Coast Estuaries to Holocene Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443. [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]



Refereed Papers



Refereed Publications (Last 5 years)

Simms, A.R., Dewitt, R.K., Rodriguez, A.B., Lambeck, K., and Anderson, J.B., 2009, Revisiting oxygen isotope state 3 and 5a (OIS3-5a) sea levels within the northwestern Gulf of Mexico, Global and Planetary Change, v. 66, p. 100-111.

Milliken, K.T., Anderson, J.B., Wellner, J.S., Bohaty, S.M., Manley, P.L., in press, High-resolution Holocene climate record from Maxwell Bay, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, Geological Society of America Bulletin.

Smith, T.R., and Anderson, J.B., in press, Ice sheet evolution in James Ross Basin, Weddell Sea margin of the Antarctic Peninsula: the seismistratigraphic record, Geological Society of America Bulletin.

Wallace, D.J., Anderson, J.B., and Rodriguez, R.B. in press, Natural Versus Anthropogenic Mechanisms of Erosion along the Upper Texas Coast

Boyd, B., Anderson, J.B., Wellner, J., and Fernandez, R. Post LGM Response of Marinelli Glacier, Southern Patagonia, Southern Hemisphere climate forcing, Holocene versus Modern retreat rates, Marine Geology, in press.

Milliken, K., Anderson, J.B., and Rodriguez, A.B., 2008, A new composite Holocene sea-level curve for the northern Gulf of Mexico, in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 1-11.

Maddox, J., Anderson, J.B., Milliken, K., and Rodriguez, A.B., 2008, The Holocene Evolution of the Matagorda and Lavaca Bay estuary complex, Texas, USA, , in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 105-119.

Simms, A.R., Anderson, J.B., Rodriguez, A.B., and Taviani, M., 2008, Mechanisms controlling environmental change within an estuary: Corpus Christi Bay, Texas, USA, in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 121-146.

Milliken, K., Anderson, J.B., and Rodriguez, A.B., 2008, Record of dramatic Holocene environmental changes linked to eustasy and climate change in Calcasieu Lake, Louisiana, USA, , in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 43-63.

Rodriguez, A.B.1, Duran, D.N., Mattheus, C.R., and Anderson, J.B, 2008, Sediment accommodation control on estuarine evolution: An example from Weeks Bay, Alabama, USA, in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 31-42.

Anderson, J.B., Rodriguez, A.B., Milliken, K., and Taviani, M., 2008, The Holocene Evolution of the Galveston Bay complex, Texas: Evidence for rapid change in estuarine environments, in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 89-104.

Milliken, K.T., Anderson, J.B., and Rodriguez, A.B., 2008, Tracking the Holocene evolution of Sabine Lake through the interplay of eustasy, antecedent topography, and sediment supply variations, Texas and Louisiana, USA , in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 65-88.

Rodriguez, A.B., Greene, L.D., Anderson, J.B., and Simms, A.R., 2008, Response of Mobile Bay and eastern Mississippi Sound, Alabama to changes in sediment accommodation and accumulation, in Anderson, J.B. and Rodriguez, A.B., editors, Response of Gulf Coast Estuaries to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change, Geological Society of America Special Paper 443, p. 13-29.

Taha, P.Z., and Anderson, J.B., 2008, "The influence of valley aggradation and listric normal faulting on styles of river avulsion: A case study of the Brazos River, Texas, USA" Geomorphology, v. 95, p. 429-448.

Dowdeswell, J.A., Ottesen, D., Evans, J., O'Cofaigh, C.O., and Anderson, J.B., Submarine glacial landforms and rates of ice stream collapse, Geology, v. 36, p. 819-822.

Heroy, D.C., Sjunneskog, C., and Anderson, J.B., 2008, Holocene climate change in the Bransfield Basin, Antarctic Peninsula: evidence from sediment and diatom analysis, Antarctic Science, v. 20, p. 69-87.

Anderson, J.B., and Oakes-Fretwell, L., 2008, Geomorphology of the onset area of a paleo-ice stream, Marguerite Bay, Antarctic Peninsula, , v. 33, p. 503-512.

Garcia, M., Ercilla, G., Anderson, J.B., and Alonso, B., 2008, New insights on the post-rift sedimentary evolution of the Antarctic Peninsula margin (Central Bransfield Basin), Marine Geology, v. 251, p. 167-182.

Anderson, J.B., Wellner, J., Wise, S., Bohaty, S., Manley, P. Smith, T., Weaver, F., and Kulhanck, D., 2007, Seismic and chronostratigraphic results from SHALDRIL II, northwestern Weddell Sea, U.S. Geological Survey and the National Academies, USGS OFR-2007.

Greene, D.L., Jr. Rodriguez, A.B., and Anderson, J.B., 2007, Seaward-branching coastal plain and piedmont incised valley systems through multiple sea level cycles: late Quaternary examples from Mobile Bay and Mississippi Sound, U.S.A., Journal of Sedimentary Research. V. 77, p. 139-158.

Simms, A.R., Lambeck, K., Purcell, A., Anderson, J., and Rodriguez, A., 2007, Sea-level history for the Gulf of Mexico since the Last Glacial Maximum with implications for the melting of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 26, p. 920-940.

Anderson, J.B., 2007, Ice sheet stability and sea-level rise, Science, v. 315, p. 1803-1804.

Simms, A.R., Anderson, J.B., Milliken, K.T., Taha, Z.P., and Wellner, J.S., 2007, Geomorphology and age of the oxygen isotope stage 2 (last lowstand) sequence boundary on the northwestern Gulf of Mexico continental shelf, in Davies, R.J., Posamentier, H.W., Wood, L.J., and Cartwright, J.A., eds. Seismic Geomorphology: Applications to Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 277,29-46.

Mattheus, C.R., Rodriguez, A.B., Greene, L.D., Simms, A.R., and Anderson, J.B., 2007, Controls of upstream variable on incised-valley dimension, Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 77, No. 3, p. 213-224.

Allen, C., Oakes, L., and Anderson, J.B., A record of Holocene paleoclimatic variability from Neny Fjord, Antarctic Peninsula, U.S. Geological Survey and the National Academies, USGS OFR-2007.

Dowdeswell, J.A., Evans, J., O'Cofaigh, C., and Anderson, J.B., 2006, Morphology and sedimentary process on the continental slope off Pine Island Bay, Amundsen Sea, West Antarctica, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 118, p. 606-619.

Simms A.B., Anderson, J.B., and Blum, M., 2006, Mustang Island, an example of an aggradational barrier island, Sedimentary Geology, v. 187, p. 105-125.

Simms, A.R., Anderson, J.B., Taha, P.Z., and Rodriguez, A.B., in press, Over-filled versus under-filled incised valleys: examples from the Quaternary Gulf of Mexico, in Dalrymple, R., Leckie, D., and Tillman, R., (eds), Incised Valleys in Time and Space, Society of Sedimentary Research Special Publication 84.

Wellner, J.S., Heroy, D.C., and Anderson, J.B. ,2006, The death mask of the Antarctic Ice Sheet: comparison of glacial geomorphic features across the continental shelf: Geomorphology, v. 75, p. 157-171.

Rodriguez, A. B. and J.B. Anderson "Contourite origin for shelf and upper slope sheet sand, offshore Antarctica." Sedimentology, 51 (2004): 699-711.

McKowen, H., Bart, P., and . Anderson ,J "High Resolution Stratigraphy of a sandy, ramp-type margin: offshore Apalachicola, Florida." Special Publication, Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 25-42.

Rodriguez, A.B., Anderson, J.B., Siringan, F.P., and Taviani, M "Holocene evolution of the east Texas coast and inner continental shelf: along-strike variability in coastal retreat rates." Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 74 (2004): 406-422.

Eckles, B., Fassell M., and Anderson, J.B "Late Quaternary Evolution of the wave/storm-dominated Central Texas Shelf." Special Publication, Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 271-288.

Bart, P., and Anderson, J.B. "Late Quaternary stratigraphic evolution of the Alabama-West Florida outer continental shelf." Special Publication, Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 43-54.

Anderson, J.B., Rodriguez, A., Abdulah, K., Banfield, L.A., Bart, P., Fillon, R., McKeown, H., and Wellner, J "Late Quaternary stratigraphic evolution of the northern Gulf of Mexico: a synthesis." Special Publication, Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 1-24.

Abdulah, K.C, Anderson, J.B., Snow, J.B., and. Holdford-Jack, L "The Late Quaternary Brazos and Colorado Deltas, Offshore Texas ? Their Evolution and the Factors That Controlled Their Deposition." Special Publication, Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 237-270.

Banfield, L., and Anderson, J.B "The Late Quaternary Evolution of the Rio Grande Delta." Special Publication, Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 289-306.

Wellner, J.S. Sarzalejo, S., Logoe, M., and Anderson, J.B "The Late Quaternary stratigraphic evolution of the west Louisiana/East Texas continental shelf." Special Publication,Society of Sedimentary Research, 79 (2004): 217-236.

Shipp, S.S., Wellner, J.S., and Anderson, J.B. "Retreat significance of a polar ice stream: sub-glacial geomorphic features and sediments from the Ross Sea, Antarctica." Glacier-Influenced Sedimentation on High-Latitude Continental Margins, Geological Society of LondonSpecial Pub. 203 (2003): 277-304.]

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